A classic, epic Cottage Pie! Ground beef (mince) in a beautiful gravy topped with mashed potato, baked to golden crusty perfection. Comfort food central! www.recipetineats.com
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4.96 from 75 votes

Cottage Pie

Recipe video above. One of the greatest comfort foods of all time! A ground beef (mince) filling in a tasty gravy, topped with mashed potato. Make it a Shepherd's Pie simply by swapping the beef for lamb. This is my most used classic recipe - see notes for optional extras.
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time1 hr 15 mins
Total Time1 hr 30 mins
Course: Dinner
Servings: 5 - 6
Calories: 611kcal
Author: Nagi | RecipeTin Eats


  • 1 1/2 tbsp olive oil
  • 2 garlic cloves , minced
  • 1 onion , finely chopped
  • 1 carrot , finely chopped*
  • 1 rib celery , finely chopped*
  • 750 g / 1.5 lb ground beef (mince)
  • 1/4 cup / 40 g flour (plain)
  • 1/4 cup / 55g tomato paste
  • 2 cups / 500 ml beef stock / broth
  • 1/2 cup / 125 ml red wine (or water)
  • 1 beef bouillon cube , crumbled
  • 2 tbsp Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 tsp dried thyme or 3 sprigs fresh thyme
  • 2 dried bay leaves


  • 1.2 kg / 2.5 lb potatoes , peeled and cut into 2.5cm / 1" cubes
  • 2/3 cup / 165 ml milk
  • 2 tbsp / 30g butter
  • Nutmeg (optional)
  • Olive oil or melted butter, for drizzling


  • Heat oil in a large skillet over medium high heat. Add onion and garlic, cook for 1 minute. Then add carrots and celery. Cook for 3 minutes or until softened and sweet.
  • Turn heat up to high. Add beef and cook, breaking it up as you go, until browned.
  • Add flour and mix in. Add tomato paste, broth, red wine, bouillon cube, Worcestershire sauce, thyme and bay leaves.
  • Bring to simmer, then turn down heat so it is simmering rapidly - I have it on medium high. Cook for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally, until it reduces down to a gravy consistency (Note 1) (see video).
  • Transfer to 6 cup pie dish (1.5 litre / quart). Cover, then refrigerate to cool for 1 - 2 hours or overnight (optional, Note 2)

Assemble Pie

  • Preheat oven to 180C/350F.
  • Cook potatoes in boiling water for 15 minutes or until soft. Drain then return to pot on turned off stove. Shake briefly and allow to steam dry for 30 seconds or so (Note 3).
  • Add butter and mash until melted, then add milk and salt (+ optional nutmeg). Mash until smooth.
  • Spread onto pie, use a fork to rough up the surface (rougher surface = more golden bits), drizzle with olive oil.
  • Bake for 25 - 30 minutes or until golden on top and bubbling on the edges. Stick a knife into the middle to ensure it is piping hot.
  • Stand for 5 minutes before serving, garnished with fresh thyme leaves if desired.


* Carrots and celery are used to make a truly great mirepoix / soffrritto flavour base for this pie. However, they can be omitted, but add 1 tsp of sugar instead.
1. Whatever the thickness of the sauce when you pour it into the tin, that's what it will be once baked - no steam escapes while baking to allow it to reduce any further. So keep cooking until it's the consistency you want.
2. Cooling the filling ensures that the potato doesn't sink into the filling and makes it much easier to spread. If you are in a rush - as I often am - pop it in the freezer while you make the potato. That works pretty well.
3. Watery potatoes drops excess liquid while baking into the filling which makes the sauce watery. So don't skip the step of steam drying the potatoes!
Also, make sure the mash is hot when spreading onto the pie. Cold mash is hard and so it is harder to dollop / spread onto the pie.
4. Variations: If I'm making this for company or am on a calorie-blow-out mission, I add a big handful of cheese into the potato and also top with more cheese before baking. It doesn't need it, it's a bonus. :)
For the filling, sometimes I add peas, or I reduce the amount of beef and add chopped veggies like zucchini.
5. Make ahead instructions: Assemble pie but don't bake it. Cool mashed potato topping then either refrigerate or freeze. Thaw if frozen (it will take way too long to bake from frozen) then bake as per recipe.
6. Nutrition per serving, assuming 5 generous servings.


Serving: 602g | Calories: 611kcal | Carbohydrates: 50.1g | Protein: 53g | Fat: 19.6g | Saturated Fat: 7.8g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 11.8g | Cholesterol: 149mg | Sodium: 681mg | Potassium: 1854mg | Fiber: 7.1g | Sugar: 8.1g | Vitamin A: 2350IU | Vitamin C: 71.8mg | Calcium: 80mg | Iron: 30.4mg